AmazingShared.com – The entire animal kingdom is constantly changing, some of it caused by natural ‘survival of the fittest’ type challenges. In other cases, humans are a direct threat to animals through hunting or the destroying of habitats. Sadly, several different species are in real danger of dying out altogether. According to the World Wildlife Fund, these are ten of the most at risk animals in the world, who all enjoy ‘critically endangered’ status. Checkout The 7 Most Endangered Animals on the Planet
1. Sumatran Rhino
By International Rhino Foundation (Ratu and Andatu Day 4Uploaded by FunkMonk) [CC-BY-2.0], via Wikimedia Commons. Mainly living in Borneo and Sumatra, the Sumatran Rhino is the only Asian species of rhino to have two horns. They are very small, much smaller than any other type of rhino. Once again, exact population numbers are not certain, but the main threat to the Sumatran Rhino is that of poaching. However, breeding levels are very low, too. In the last 15 years, only two rhinos in captivity have produced offspring.
2. Western Lowland Gorilla
By Greg Hume (Own work) [CC-BY-SA-3.0], via Wikimedia Commons. The Westland Lowland Gorilla lives mainly in central Africa, in countries such as Cameroon and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Its exact numbers are unknown, due to the fact that it lives in very dense rainforest areas, making it almost impossible to count an accurate number. That said, scientists have said that the number of Western Lowland Gorillas has reduced by 60% in the last couple of decades, placing it firmly within the realms of critically endangered.
3. Mountain Gorilla
By Azurfrog (Own work) [CC-BY-SA-4.0], via Wikimedia Commons. Living in the high mountainous regions in central Africa, the Mountain Gorilla is one of the ten most endangered animals in the world. A large part of this is down to poaching, as well as humans pushing the gorillas further up into the mountains, into colder and more dangerous territories. However, recent conservation efforts have seen the Mountain Gorilla population increasing – current numbers stand at around 880 individuals.
4. Sumatran Tiger
By Captain Herbert (Own work) [GFDL or CC-BY-SA-3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0], via Wikimedia Commons. As the name suggests, the Sumatran Tiger is found solely on the Indonesian island of Sumatra. Although it is a protected species, poaching is still a massive problem, as is deforestation. Nowadays, fewer than 400 individual Sumatran Tigers are in existence – less than half the number that were alive 30 years ago.
5. Cross River Gorilla
By Julielangford (Own work) [CC-BY-SA-3.0], via Wikimedia Commons. Cross River Gorillas also inhabit central areas of Africa which are prone to heavy deforestation and the clearing of land; as a result, their numbers are very low. These animals are very wary of humans so it is incredibly difficult to count them accurately, but scientists have estimated that there are only about 200-300 left in the wild.
By Paula Olson, NOAA [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons. The vaquita is considered to be the world’s most rare marine mammal – it was only discovered around 50 years ago, but it is a critically endangered species. This is mostly down to illegal fishing operations near Mexico. The population has halved in the last three years alone, now sitting at less than 100 individuals.
7. Javan Rhino
By T.Dixon. The Zoological Society of London [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons. The Javan Rhino is the species of rhino that is most under threat – only 35 individuals remain alive today. They all live in the Ujung Kulon National Park in Java, Indonesia, as the last member of their species to live elsewhere was poached a few years ago.